Insufficient Vitamin D levels occur due to various reasons. It may be due to a diet, which is very low in this vitamin, along with inadequate exposure to sunlight. Another reason for low vitamin D levels is the body's inability to absorb this vitamin, owing to some medical conditions, disease and disorders. Conditions like liver and kidney disorders can prevent the conversion of vitamin D to its active metabolites. Some hereditary disorders can also hinder this conversion process. However, low vitamin D levels in the blood can lead to some diseases. The following are the symptoms of low vitamin D levels.
Vitamin D deficiency can exist in two forms. One is the mild form, characterized by mild symptoms like loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, insomnia, vision problems, and burning sensation in the mouth and the throat.
Severe vitamin D deficiency can develop symptoms like muscle pain, fatigue, depression, low immunity, weaker bones susceptible to fractures. This condition can lead to rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. It is also suggested by researchers that low vitamin D levels can contribute to the development of osteoporosis.
It has been observed that the most common symptoms of low vitamin D levels is musculoskeletal pain, which is felt as a deep throbbing in the limbs. Another apparent symptom is dental problems, including periodontal diseases, caused by insufficient supply of calcium to the teeth.
Those who have vitamin D deficiency are also believed to have the additional risk of developing some types of cancer like breast, colon and ovarian cancer.
As the immune system is also affected by a low level of vitamin D, there are chances of contracting a number of other diseases. With a weak immune system the overall health can be affected.
It is always better to prevent the occurrence of this condition by adopting a diet containing high sources of vitamin D. If you are affected with this condition, it is also necessary to rule out the chances of some diseases and disorders which can cause this deficiency. If there is no such problem, then dietary supplements can be taken. If the condition is caused by any other disease or disorder, treatment should be taken to cure that disease.